About This Guide
This page lists resources focused on resources related to European history. For more resources related to historical research, use the related guides listed below. 

For a full list of Wheaton's electronic resources, consult this list

Please pardon the appearance of this guide as it is being revised. 
Core Databases
Historical Abstracts [EBSCO] Restricted Resource openURL
Indexes journal articles, book reviews, and dissertations pertaining to the history of the world from 1450 to the present (for U.S. and Canada historian, use America: History and Life); 1955 - present. 

Humanities Full Text [H.W. Wilson / EBSCO] Restricted Resource Some full text availableopenURL
Indexes journals in the disciplines of archaeology and classical studies, art, folklore, history, language and literature, literary criticism, music and performing arts, philosophy, and religion; includes over 320 full text journals; 1984 - present.

JSTOR Restricted Resource Some full text availableopenURL
Full text backfiles of over 2,500 core scholarly journals in humanities, social sciences, and sciences. To help you navigate and search JSTOR, check their helpful how-to guide (PDF). 

Note: JSTOR includes 16 current titles, but for all others, JSTOR does not contain the most recent 1-7 years of content. Many of these titles are continued in the Library's print and/or electronic subscriptions, however. Check the Journal Finder for complete holdings information.

Additional Databases
Project Muse Restricted Resource Some full text available
Full-text current and archival articles from 670+ scholarly journals from major university presses covering literature and criticism, history, performing arts, cultural studies, education, philosophy, political science, gender studies, and more. The Library's subscription also includes over 7,000 e-books. Updated continually.

Jahresberichte für deutsche Geschichte Unrestricted Resource
Provides a comprehensive bibliography of books, book chapters, and articles on German history and related fields in both German and other languages. 1949-present.

Pascal & Francis Unrestricted Resource
Bibliographic database for sciences / technology (Pascal) and social sciences / humanities (Francis), compliled by the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) of France, covering journal articles and conference proceedings. Formerly a subscription database, freely accessible since 2016. 1972-2015.

Repère Restricted Resource Some full text available
Indexes and abstracts French language periodicals. Includes full text for over 190 periodicals. 1980 - present. Note: use VPN for off-campus access

Année Philologique Restricted Resource openURL
Indexes journal articles, essays and conference proceedings in the field of classical studies. International coverage; 1924 - present.

Iter: Gateway to the Middle Ages and the Renaissance Restricted Resource openURL
Indexes scholarly journal articles on the Middle Ages and Renaissance (400 - 1700 A.D.).

 
Reference Sources
Credo Reference Restricted Resource Some full text availableopenURL Resource contains images
Digital library of over 700 cross-searchable reference books in a wide variety of disciplines. A great starting point for your research that also leads you right to the library catalog and other databases.
Reference works specifically on European history can be found by following this link
 

Specialized Reference Works 

This is not an exhaustive list. For particular geographical areas, also check the guides for German, French, Italian, etc. 

Brill's New Pauly Restricted Resource
English translation of the completely overhauled edition of the exhaustive German encylopedia of ancient history and classical studies, pared down to 20-odd volumes from the original 80+. Divided into three sets: Antiquity, Classical Tradition, and Chronologies of the Ancient World - Names, Dates, and Dynasties.  Call Number: Ref DE5 .P332 2002N.B. The original German version, published between 1890 and 1980, is being transcribed on the German Wikisource site, and scans of several volumes are available at the Internet Archive 

Oxford Bibliographies Online: Classics Restricted Resource openURL
Offers peer-reviewed annotated bibliographies on specific topics in a specific subject area. Includes guides to introductory works, textbooks, guidebooks, journals, reference works, etc., and links to useful websites. Contains a "My OBO" function that allows users to create personalized bibliographies of individual citations from different bibliographies.

Oxford Bibliographies Online: Medieval Studies Restricted Resource openURL
Offers peer-reviewed annotated bibliographies on specific topics in a specific subject area. Includes guides to introductory works, textbooks, guidebooks, journals, reference works, etc., and links to useful websites. Contains a "My OBO" function that allows users to create personalized bibliographies of individual citations from different bibliographies.

Thames & Hudson Dictionary of the Italian Renaissance Restricted Resource Some full text available
Comprehensive reference work on the history and culture of Renaissance Italy. 

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation Unrestricted Resource Some full text available
Covering both religious and socio-political aspects of the Reformation, this four-volume encyclopedia serves as wide-ranging compendium on the history of Europe in sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.  Call Number: Ref. BR302.8 .O93 1996. 

An A-Z of Modern Europe Since 1789 
Brief reference work with basic information on key figures and events in modern European history. 
Primary Sources

Digital Libraries

These large-scale digital libraries include primary sources in European history from Antiquity to the present: 

Europeana Unrestricted Resource Some full text availableopenURL Resource contains images Resource contains video Resource contains audio
 "Explore millions of items from a range of Europe's leading galleries, libraries, archives and museums. Books and manuscripts, photos and paintings, tv and film, sculpture and crafts, diaries and maps, sheet music and recordings, they're all here."

Gallica Unrestricted Resource Some full text available Resource contains images
The large and growing collection of digitized full texts and images of the Bibliothèque nationale de France (BnF).

Digitized Manuscripts from the British Library Unrestricted Resource Some full text available Resource contains images
One-stop platform for searching and displaying manuscripts held at and digitized by the British Library. Particularly strong on pre-modern materials, from ancient European to early modern history. 

HathiTrust Digital Library Unrestricted Resource Some full text available
Digital library created from the collections of major research libraries in the United States and around the world. Items range from medieval Arabic manuscripts to early modern European incunabula, from colonial American pamphlets to 19th-century treatises on natural history. Although a part of the collection is only accessible to members of participating/contributing institutions, many materials (particularly those no longer in copyright) are freely accessible.

World Digital Library (WDL) Unrestricted Resource Some full text available Resource contains images Resource contains video Resource contains audio
"The World Digital Library (WDL) is a project of the U.S. Library of Congress, carried out with the support of the United Nations Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization (UNESCO), and in cooperation with libraries, archives, museums, educational institutions, and international organizations from around the world. The WDL makes available on the Internet, free of charge and in multilingual format, significant primary materials from all countries and cultures." 

The following websites, from an earlier age of the Internet, contain a weath of links to additional primary sources: 

EuroDocs: Online Sources for European History Unrestricted Resource
Organized by time period and country.

WWW Virtual Library: European History Primary Sources Unrestricted Resource
EHPS is an index of scholarly websites that offer online access to digitized primary sources on the history of Europe. Each website that is listed in EHPS has a short description and is categorized according to country, language, period, subject and type of source.

Internet History Sourcebooks Project Unrestricted Resource Some full text available
One of the earliest efforts to collect open-access primary sources on the World Wide Web, founded and edited by Professor Paul Halsall of Fordham University. Besides official documents, this site includes narrative accounts, personal memoirs, songs, newspaper reports, as well as cultural, philosophical, religious, and scientific documents. It covers ancient, medieval, and modern history across all continents. 
 

Primary Sources for Specific Topics

Blue Mountain Project: Historic Avant-Garde Periodicals for Digital Research Unrestricted Resource Some full text available Resource contains images
Digital collection of often rare European art, music, and culture periodicals from 1848 to c. 1923.

Compact Memory Unrestricted Resource Some full text available
Contains actual reproductions of the most important research journals for German-Jewish history, covering the entire German-speaking world and published from the 19th century until the Nazi rise to power in 1933. In German.

Digital Medieval Manuscripts Unrestricted Resource Some full text available Resource contains images
"A significant resource for the study of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance in Western Europe, [Harvard University's] Houghton Library's distinguished collection of medieval and Renaissance manuscripts make up a valuable primary source for the study of the literature, art, history, music, philosophy and theology of the periods. ... [T]he collection includes works in Latin, Greek and most of the vernacular languages of Europe. Digitized versions of many of the manuscripts are available, providing students and scholars with immediate and unmediated access to important texts and images." 

Europeana 1914-1918 Unrestricted Resource Some full text available Resource contains images
A subset of the EU's extensive Europeana digital library, this site is dedicated specifically to World War I. Of particular note is the site's idea to crowdsource materials, thus providing access to personal as well as institutional artifacts and primary sources. 

European Views of the Americas: 1493-1750 [EBSCO] Restricted Resource
A comprehensive guide to printed records about the Americas written in Europe before 1750. Based on the bibliography European Americana: A Chronological Guide to Works Printed in Europe Relating to the Americas, 1493-1750 published in the 1980's by staff of the John Carter Brown Library, Brown University.


Exilpresse Digital Unrestricted Resource Some full text available
A collection of 31 German exile magazines and newspapers from 1933-1945 including some Jewish publications. Produced by the German National Library (Deutsche Nationalbibliothek) from collections in the German Library in Frankfurt am Main. Mostly in German, but some articles are in English and/or Spanish.

Experiencing History: Holocaust Sources in Context Unrestricted Resource Some full text available Resource contains images Resource contains video
From the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, this online resource contains primary sources from the museum's collections, arranged thematically and curated by experts. Sources range from letters and diaries to images and other media forms and are usually accompanied by contextual information. 


Newberry French Revolution Collection Pamphlets Unrestricted Resource Some full text available Resource contains images
Digital collection of pamphlets from the French Revolution, held by the Newberry Library and hosted on the Internet Archive. More than 30,000 digitized pamphlets spanning the period from the 1780s to the early 1800s are available. 

Seventeen Moments in Soviet History Unrestricted Resource
"Multi-media archive of primary materials designed to introduce students and the general public to the richness and contradictions of Soviet history. It provides a cross-section of Soviet life in seventeen different years... Each module covers politics, society, culture and economics, so that users might experience a given time through the words, sounds and sights that a common Soviet citizen would have encountered." Built by scholars from Macalaster College and Michigan State University.  

Soviet Pamphlets Unrestricted Resource Some full text available Resource contains images
Digital collection of Soviet pamphlets, mainly from the 1930s and 1940s, held by the University of Texas at Austin Libraries. 
 

Statistics 

North Atlantic Population Project Unrestricted Resource
Census microdata from Canada, Denmark, Great Britain, Germany, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, and the United States from 1703 to 1911. 
Websites
Labyrinth: Resources for Medieval Studies Unrestricted Resource
"The Labyrinth provides free, organized access to resources in medieval studies. The Labyrinth’s easy-to-use links provide connections to databases, services, texts, and images around the world. Each user will be able to find an Ariadne’s thread through the maze of information on the Web."

Facing History and Ourselves Unrestricted Resource
Facing History and Ourselves is an educational non-profit that advocates and provides resources for teaching about prejudice, racism, genocide, and social injustice, from both a contemporary and a historical perspective. The program originated as a Holocaust education effort but has since expanded to include many other areas. Its website offers a weath of lesson plans, learning objects, and other educator resources.