Skip to Main Content



Photograph of a cartoon-like figurines of a journalist, holding a microphone and a rolled up newspaper, and a photographer, holding a camera and photographing the journalist. This guide will help you find and use news resources. Feel free to reach out to one of us if you have any questions. Use the links on the left to schedule an appointment.

Information on Primary and Secondary Sources

Primary sources are records of events created as they occurred, or recorded by eye witnesses. They come in many formats, including letters and email; journals, diaries, and memoirs; audio recordings; photographs; audio recordings; and much more. Created by Shonn M. Haren, 2015. CC BY 4.0

A Secondary Source takes the accounts of multiple eyewitnesses or Primary Sources and creates a record that considers an event from many points of view. Secondary sources provide objectivity because multiple points of view help mitigate bias and provide a broader perspective. They also provide context; their historical distance helps explain an event's significance. Common examples include: books, scholarly articles, documentaries, and many other formats.

Created by Shonn M. Haren, 2015. CC BY 4.0